To work as a registered air conditioner installer in the state of Queensland, you need to be licenced. However, as there are different types of air conditioner systems requiring different skills, there is a multitude of licences available, and you need to obtain each one dependent on the level of work. The main pathway is through the ARC (Australian Refrigeration Council).
What Does an Air Conditioner Installation Expert Do on a Day to Day?
We spoke with Brett Shipley from Air Con Sunshine Coast about what his workday usually involves and what apprentices can expect working as an air con installer.
Establishing job requirements from drawings and specifications
Laying out installation reference points
Drilling holes, installing mounting brackets and cutting, bending and threading piping
Installing air conditioning units on the sunshine coast and repairing components such as compressors, motors, condensers, evaporators, switches and gauges, and copper lines for steam, gas, refrigerant, compressed air, oil, and chilled water is Brett’s favourite type of work
Bolting, soldering, riveting, welding and brazing pipes to connect equipment, and checking the alignment and accuracy of fit
Filling systems with gas or fluid to check for leaks
Testing refrigeration systems, checking mechanisms and making adjustments
Removing test gas and fluid using vacuum pumps, and filling with refrigerant
Checking and overhauling refrigeration systems, diagnosing faults and repairing and replacing defective components
Adjusting system controls and mechanisms and reassembling systems
Let’s take a look at the different licences
Licence Name: RAC01 – Refrigerant handling licence – qualified persons (Full refrigeration and air conditioning licence: 2 & 3 years)
What this means: you are able to handle a refrigerant for any work in the refrigeration and air conditioning industry, other than the automotive industry
What this means: you are able to handle a refrigerant for any work on air conditioning equipment fitted to the cabin of a motor vehicle.
Licence name: RSS03 – Refrigerant handling licence – qualified persons (Restricted heat pump – split systems – installation and decommissioning licence: 2 & 3 years
What this means: you are able to handle a refrigerant for the installation and decommissioning of any of the following: a single-head split system air conditioner of less than 18kW, a 2-part hot water heat pump of less than 18kW, a 2-part swimming pool heat pump of less than 18kW.
There are also trainee licences one needs to obtain beforehand
Licence name: TL000 – Refrigeration and air conditioning trainee licence.
What this means: you are able to handle a refrigerant while undertaking training and/or assessment in a classroom setting and at your workplace under supervision. The supervisor must be the holder of a licence that entitles them to engage in work for which the licensee is being trained. This licence is valid for the period of training, which can be up to one year.
Licence name: CL000 – Refrigeration and air conditioning trainee licence (Classroom)
What this means: To handle refrigerant in a classroom setting only. The licensee cannot handle refrigerant outside the classroom setting. This licence is valid for a period of training which can be up to 1 year.
Before achieving any of the above licences, you need to achieve one (or more depending on your licence) of the following:
Successful completion of an Apprenticeship as a Refrigeration Mechanic, e.g., Proficiency Certificate; or
Trade Recognition Certificate: Refrigeration Mechanic; or
Trade Certificate with a Trade Outcome of Refrigeration Mechanic and evidence of industry experience; or
MEM30205 Certificate III in Engineering Mechanical Trade (Refrigeration and Air conditioning)
UEE32211 Certificate III in Refrigeration and Air conditioning; or
UEE42711 Certificate IV in Air conditioning and Refrigeration Servicing; or
UEE42811 Certificate IV in Air conditioning Systems Energy Management and Control; or
UEE42911 Certificate IV in Refrigeration and Air conditioning Systems; or
UEE50311 Diploma of Electrical and Refrigeration and Air conditioning; or
UEE51211 Diploma of Air conditioning and Refrigeration Engineering; or
UEE62511 Advanced Diploma of Air conditioning and Refrigeration Engineering; or
MEM30298 Certificate III in Engineering – Mechanical – Refrigeration and Air conditioning
UEE31306 Certificate III in Refrigeration and Air conditioning; or
UTE30999 Certificate III in Electrotechnology Refrigeration and Air conditioning.
Registered Queensland Course Providers
Here are four educational institutions in Queensland where one can achieve there Certificate III in Air-conditioning and Refrigeration:
Becoming a certified plumber can open up many career opportunities and offer a variety of benefits. The path of becoming an accredited plumber varies considerably from one city to another. However, few requirements are similar in most areas. To acquire a plumbing certification in all states in Australia you need to have industry recognized qualification which includes a Certificate III in plumbing, a completed apprenticeship, and a licence and registration with the appropriates state building authority (for example Victoria) . Even though it is possible to get work even without having completed your certificates, you may be restricted with the jobs you can handle thus not able to earn as much money as many qualified plumbers earn.
Depending on the environment you wish to work in, commercial or domestic usually dictate what qualifications you will require to succeed. plumbing courses covers every major area of plumbing necessary to help you handle any plumbing work. Plumbing works may also cover workplace health and safety practices since it can be dangerous sometimes and that is why you require professional plumbers.
Step 1: Establish Your Base for Education
First, getting your high school diploma is the first step on your way to becoming a qualified plumber. Basic knowledge of knowing how to write and read math and science is very critical when pursuing any profession in this industry. Having advanced knowledge of these subjects is much necessary for plumbers since their profession involves gauging water and making accurate measurements.
Step 2: Enrolling in Technical Courses
After earning a diploma course in high school, the next step is enrolling in a professional plumbing course. Some states require several numbers of hours in class so that you can qualify to be a licensed plumber. Some technical courses are accessible through a variety of private and public schools and programs. The curriculum depends on your state or city requirement, but the basic topics include;
• Local plumbing codes
• Venting and draining
• Water heating systems
• Soldering and pipe cutting
• Electric basics
Step 3: Find An Internship
Depending on the state you live, most likely you will be required work with an experienced plumber for some hours as an apprentice. The duration of apprenticeship can vary, but it can take even up to five years. By enrolling in a technical course, you can be able to finalize your apprenticeship earlier. Due to the explosion in population growth, there is a lot of work in Queensland. Finding a certified plumber in Gold Coast regions like Burleigh and Broadbeach would be a good place to start looking.
Step 4: Do The Test
In some states, you will be needed to pass a practical test, written exam or both to earn a license in plumbing. During the training, you are taught in depth how to connect water supplies, fix domestic appliances, find faults, attending emergency call-outs and many other things.
If testing is a must in your area, most likely you will take it when you complete apprenticeship program and technical courses. In general, expect the examination to be cumulative of everything you learned in the classroom and on internship. Based on the requirement of your state, you will be considered as a certified plumber once you have passed all the tests and now you can be legally permitted to complete any plumbing work without any assistance from another accredited plumber. For more information refer to your local state’s guide. Here’s Victoria‘s requirements: https://www.skills.vic.gov.au/victorianskillsgateway/Students/Pages/OccupationSearchDescription.aspx?type=occupation&searchid=738
As you expand your businesses there comes a point where you have to consider allowing
someone else access to your ideas or part of your business to enable controlled expansion. There are
3 common ways for someone to consider this option – Distribution, Franchising, Licensing.
This situation usually occurs where you manufacture, make or supply goods. The distributor buys
those goods from you as a discounted rate and resale, to sell it on to others. The goods can be
anything at all from handbags to software. A distributor will enter into an agreement with you to
supply the goods and enabling them to buy from you at favorable (lower than you would normally
sell) prices. However, the distributor will always remain an independent business to your
organization so you effectively don’t have control over their business. Of course, in the agreement
you will have some say about certain aspects connected with selling and promoting your goods. For
example, you will place limits on the advertising (to ensure that your product is not misrepresented).
So, because the distributor can buy from you at a lower rate than you would usually charge, you will
ask them to purchase minimum levels of products from you in a given period. Agreements usually
linked to specific geographical areas (referred to as territories) and can be exclusive. It means that
only one distributor can sell your products in a particular territory. That’s why you must consider this
carefully because limitations in this way may limit your expansion. Needless to say, you have to
include some incentive schemes (to promote sales levels), liability levels, confidentiality, shipping,
insurance when the title (ownership) of the goods will pass.
To some extent franchising takes the ideas behind distribution further. With franchising the
franchiser (organization allowing their business to be franchised) allows the franchisee to actually
use their business idea, its name and brand, trademarks etc and so has control over the franchisee.
Franchisees usually see the main advantage in getting in a franchise is that they are starting up a
business with an already proven track record. Typically, statistics show that franchises have a lower
failure level than other start up businesses. However, conversely the restrictions may place a sealing
on the Franchisees earnings level. Again both parties will enter into an agreement and usually there
is an initial payment for purchasing the franchise (i.e. the right to use the brand name etc).
Nevertheless, because the franchisee has continuing support from the franchiser there will be a
continuing payment (usually based on a percentage of revenue) from the franchisee to the
franchiser. In addition, there are more extensive obligations from the franchiser who will usually
providing training, premises or assistance with locating them, assistance with set up and then with
improving the business. It includes certain business support such as aspects of management and
accounting. In return, in order to protect their brand, the franchiser will have greater control over the
franchisee’s business and will monitor the franchisee’s performance. Like Distribution Agreements,
Franchise Agreements will cover specified territories and can be exclusive. It includes exit strategy,
restrictions, and clearly define the level if support.
This situation occurs where you own rights, including the ownership over ideas, design, inventions,
artistic expressions etc and as protected by copyright, patents, trademarks. So, you are happy to
allow an independent person or organization (the Licensee) to buy that right to make and/or use it,
as appropriate, make, sell, market and goods or services. This means that the owner allows the
licensee the right to use the intellectual property rights, actually still retaining ultimate ownership.
Licensing Agreements will be for a fixed time (the term) and like the other agreements can be
exclusive. In a licensing agreement, the licensor’s control over the manufacture and sale of goods
etc will be much less but there is usually a very limited or no level of support offered to the licensee.
As well as an initial payment for the license, the licensor will pay the licensee a continuing payment,
usually a royalty which will be based on production etc. Other points you should consider in the
agreement will include whether you will allow sub-licensing, taxation on royalties, quality controls,
and as applicable product liability indemnity.
All of these agreements are potentially suitable whether you manufacture or make goods or supply
services. Initially, you need to consider the levels of control that you wish to maintain. All of them
however do depend on how you have properly protected your “business” with the appropriate
trademark or patent. Although at the start of the process you all potential parties to any such
agreement should sign a Non-Disclosure Agreement (NDA) you will still be releasing your very
valuable business “secrets and know-how”. It is vital that whichever option you explore that your
final agreement is written so both parties understand the obligations and boundaries of the